Thursday 6th April 2023
CTI Weekly: Insight into Russian cyber-industrial complex, Easter phishing lures, UNC4466’s activities and Genesis Market seized
Vulkan Files provide unique insight into Russian cyber-industrial complex
A leak of documents from Moscow-based cybersecurity contractor NTC Vulkan has provided unique insights into Russia’s political interference, domestic censorship, cybercrime, and foreign espionage efforts. The leaked documents include project specifications for three separate projects provided by Russia’s Ministry of Defense.
Project Skan is a framework for large-scale, multi-source, partially automated reconnaissance operations. Project Amezit is a highly complex framework for online information control, influence operations, and psychological operations support for OT-related operations. Project Crystal-2B seeks to build a training platform within which coordinated IO/OT attacks against critical utility and transport entities are to be simulated. The leak provides unique insights into Russia’s targeting rationale, training methodology, and tool development, as well as its cyber-industrial complex, private companies, and research institutes.
The leak reaffirms Russia’s interest in critical infrastructure sectors, including energy and transport entities, and indicates an ongoing effort to build capabilities related to the compromise of industrial systems. Entities seeking to defend themselves from Russian threat actors are recommended to build awareness of the information this leak has provided.
Since at least October 2022, an ALPHV-affiliate, UNC4466, has compromised publicly exposed Veritas Backup Exec installations for initial access to victim environments. The threat actor ‘Midnight Group’ is leveraging the high volume of ransomware and data leak incidents to make fabricated claims to US companies that they have stolen their information.
Researchers have identified a new ransomware strain ‘Rorschach’, which displays technically unique features such as an encryption speed that makes it the fastest observed ransomware payload.
The domains and infrastructure for Genesis Market, one of the most popular marketplaces for stolen credentials, has been seized as part of an international law enforcement operation.
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